A recent Delaware decision addressed the request for a claw-back of legal expenses that a company was ordered to advance to an LLC manager in a prior Court of Chancery decision. In the case styled: New Wood Resources, LLC v. Baldwin, C.A. No. N20C-10-231-AML-CCLD, Order (Del. Super. Aug. 23, 2021), the Complex Commercial Litigation Division of the Delaware Superior Court determined that pursuant to the terms of an LLC Agreement (for which the Delaware LLC Act allows much greater latitude than Section 145 of the Delaware General Corporation Law on this issue), the court determined that some of the amounts advanced were required to be returned.
Most noteworthy, however, about this decision, is that the court determined that the undertaking to repay the amounts advanced did not apply to the “fees on fees” that the Court of Chancery had also required that the company pay in the prior advancement action. The court explained that the undertaking only applied to “funds advanced,” but that undertaking did not apply to the repayment of “fees on fees” because the court reasoned that “such sums constitute indemnification, rather than advancement.” Order at 12. [Readers should be aware that in Delaware, court decisions issued by Order may also be cited in briefs, even if the decision is not a formal opinion.] See footnote 43 (judge explains that even though the parties did not raise the distinction between advancement and indemnification in connection with the claw-back arguments, the court determined that: it was “compelled by principles of comity to raise the issue sua sponte about the “fees on fees” that the Court of Chancery ordered the company to pay which should be considered differently from the advancement ordered by the court and governed by the undertaking.”)