In Scott v. Dandero, C.A. No. 9041-VCG (Del. Ch. Sept. 8, 2014), the Court of Chancery applied general principles of comity and judicial efficiency to deny a request to lift a stay of a case before it involving parties and issues that were common to separate pending litigation in Texas. This amorphous power of the court is a useful and practical tool to employ when common parties are involved in multi-jurisdictional litigation involving related issues.
City of Providence v. First Citizens BancShares Inc., et al., No. 9795, 2014 WL 4409816 (Del. Ch. Sept. 8, 2014).
The Delaware Court of Chancery upheld the forum selection clause of the bylaws of a Delaware corporation that requires most shareholder suits against the company to be filed in North Carolina, where the company’s main office is located. This is a natural evolution of the prior Chancery decision in the Chevron decision, highlighted on these pages.
Supplement: Many posts on this topic have appeared on these pages. Ted Mirvis writes on the Harvard Corporate Governance Blog about a recent federal decision that upheld a Delaware forum selection bylaw and which provides useful reasoning that may have broader application in similar cases.
Pontone v. Milso Indus. Corp., et al., C.A. No. 7615-VCP, letter op. (Del. Ch. Sept. 3, 2014). This decision denied a motion for reargument of an opinion regarding advancement of fees pursuant to DGCL section 145 available to officers and directors. The nuance addressed in this case involves the types of counterclaims that are available for advancement and indemnification. This decision reiterates that such a counterclaim must be considered a compulsory counterclaim, and “necessarily part of the same dispute” as the affirmative claims asserted against the advancee, and be advanced to “defeat or offset those claims.” See Citadel Holding Corp. v. Roven, 603 A.2d 818 (Del. 1992).
Rule 59(f) motions for reargument are rarely granted, and this case was no exception to that statistical probability. In essence, the court regarded the motion as a reprise of previously rejected arguments, though perhaps providing additional details or nuances.
LG Electronics, Inc. v. Interdigital Communications, Inc., C.A. No. 9747-VCL (Del. Ch. Aug. 20, 2014).
This decision applied the familiar first-filed rule, also known as the McWane Doctrine, to a first filed arbitration claim. The court dismissed a complaint that sought injunctive relief notwithstanding that the same issue had been presented in a previously-filed arbitration between the parties. This appears to be the first time that the first-filed rule was applied (in Delaware) to bar a suit as a result of that doctrine, when a previously-filed arbitration proceeding between the same parties involving the same dispute was already pending, as compared to a prior suit filed in court.
In Re Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Stockholders Litigation Cons., C.A. No. 8917-VCL (Del. Ch. Aug. 25, 2014).
This short letter ruling required the parties to comply with the notice provisions explained in a prior Chancery decision in connection with their request that fees be paid by the corporation for mooted claims. The prior decision cited was In Re Advanced Mammography Sys., Inc. S’holders Litig., 1996 WL 633409 (Del. Ch. Oct. 30, 1996) (Allen, C.).
The National Association of Corporate Directors publishes a magazine called Directorship. They published my article on the recent decision of the Delaware Supreme Court in the Wal-Mart case, highlighted on these pages, which recognized an exception to the attorney client privilege when a stockholder sues a member of the board of directors of a company and there is no other method to obtain the requested information.
In Pontone v. Milso Industries Corp., C.A. No. 8842-VCP (Del. Ch. Aug. 22, 2014), the Delaware Court of Chancery addressed the rights to advancement and indemnification of attorneys’ fees for a corporate officer pursuant to both DGCL Section 145 and applicable agreements among the parties. The most notable aspect of this 65-page scholarly treatment of this recurring issue in corporate litigation is how indemnification claims will be treated when two parties have arguably overlapping obligations to indemnify, and what percentage of “fees on fees” will be awarded if a party is not 100% successful. This opinion deserves careful reading, not only by those who want to know the latest iteration of Delaware law on this topic, but also by those who want a primer on the prerequisites and nuances of Delaware law on the perennial issues presented that are of important to directors, officers and the companies they serve.
It remains remarkable how, despite hundreds of Delaware decisions on these issues, new cases seem to present nuances that have not been addressed before. I co-author a chapter of an annually updated multi-volume treatise on corporate litigation developments that surveys court decisions around the country on indemnification and advancement, and even though the majority of cases nationwide, by far, are decided in Delaware, subtle differences in the facts of new cases often present new complexities not previously addressed by the myriad of decisions already published.
To paraphrase a former tag line for a former investment management firm, when Delaware Supreme Court Chief Justice Leo Strine, Jr. and Vice Chancellor J. Travis Laster of the Delaware Court of Chancery co-author an article on a cutting-edge topic of Delaware law, those lawyers who practice in the relevant field need to “pull up their socks” and take notice.
Their article, entitled: “The Siren Song of Unlimited Contractual Freedom“, available on SSRN, addresses the issues that arise in connection with the expansive freedom of contract available in alternative entities. The Delaware jurists propose a framework that would be “both fairer and more efficient than the current patchwork yielded by the unilateral drafting efforts of entity sponsors”. The full abstract of the article follows:
One frequently cited distinction between alternative entities — such as limited liability companies and limited partnerships — and their corporate counterparts is the greater contractual freedom accorded alternative entities. Consistent with this vision, discussions of alternative entities tend to conjure up images of arms-length bargaining similar to what occurs between sophisticated parties negotiating a commercial agreement, such as a joint venture, with the parties successfully tailoring the contract to the unique features of their relationship.
As judges who collectively have over 20 years of experience deciding disputes involving alternative entities, we use this chapter to surface some questions regarding the extent to which this common understanding of alternative entities is sound. Based on the cases we have decided and our reading of many other cases decided by our judicial colleagues, we do not discern evidence of arms-length bargaining between sponsors and investors in the governing instruments of alternative entities. Furthermore, it seems that when investors try to evaluate contract terms, the expansive contractual freedom authorized by the alternative entity statutes hampers rather than helps. A lack of standardization prevails in the alternative entity arena, imposing material transaction costs on investors with corresponding effects for the cost of capital borne by sponsors, without generating offsetting benefits. Because contractual drafting is a difficult task, it is also not clear that even alternative entity managers are always well served by situational deviations from predictable defaults.
In light of these problems, it seems to us that a sensible set of standard fiduciary defaults might benefit all constituents of alternative entities. In this chapter, we propose a framework that would not threaten the two key benefits that motivated the rise of LPs and LLCs as alternatives to corporations: (i) the elimination of double taxation at the entity level and (ii) the ability to contract out of the corporate opportunity doctrine. For managers, this framework would provide more predictable rules of governance and a more reliable roadmap to fulfilling their duties in conflict-of-interest situations. The result arguably would be both fairer and more efficient than the current patchwork yielded by the unilateral drafting efforts of entity sponsors.
We have previously on these pages highlighted litigation involving a contract dispute in the Delaware Court of Chancery, and an appeal before the Delaware Supreme Court between AT&T and the U.S. cable network that Al Jazeera bought from a company in which former VP Al Gore was a major investor. The litigation in that case centered mostly on what portion of the court documents the parties could withhold from public view.
The Wall Street Journal’s Holman Jenkins, Jr. reports in today’s paper about the suit that Al Gore filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery against Al Jazeera claiming that they owe him money related to the sale. The WSJ article suggests that an early settlement may be likely due to the parties’ interest in avoiding disclosure about details of the deal.
After the Delaware Supreme Court decision in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, Del. Supr., No. 534, 2013 (May 8, 2014), highlighted on these pages, in which the court upheld fee-shifting bylaws, a number of companies have adopted such bylaws, and several cases are now pending in the Delaware Court of Chancery to determine–based on the facts of those particular cases, whether there is an equitable exception applicable to the enforceability of such bylaws.
Frank Reynolds of Thomson Reuters has written an article about one pending Chancery case where the issue has been raised and Chancellor Bouchard has asked for additional briefing before determining whether he will address the issue. For those interested in corporate litigation, it doesn’t get much more cutting-edge. See Kastis et al. v. Carter et al., No, 8657, hearing held (Del. Ch. Aug. 15, 2014).